There are several treatment options for aortic stenosis. Each patient has unique medical issues, so the most appropriate treatment may vary from patient to patient. Talk to your physician to determine the best treatment path for you.
How is aortic stenosis treated?
Physicians may prescribe medicine to treat the symptoms of aortic stenosis. The medicines may be used to control heart rhythm or blood pressure or to prevent blood clots.
Even with medical therapy, aortic stenosis may progress and, if left untreated could lead to more serious health problems.
Aortic valvuloplasty is another option to relieve the symptoms of severe aortic stenosis. This less-invasive, non-surgical procedure consists of inserting a deflated balloon through a catheter (hollow tube) placed in a blood vessel in the upper leg and then advancing it through the blood vessel to the heart. The balloon is moved across the diseased valve and is then inflated to enlarge the opening, allowing more blood to flow out of the heart. The effects of this procedure are often temporary and may require additional future treatment.
Open Heart Surgery
Open-heart surgery has been the standard of care to replace a diseased heart valve. During open-heart surgery, the chest is opened, the patient is placed on a heart-lung machine and the heart is temporarily stopped. This allows the doctor to work on the heart and remove the diseased valve. After a new valve is sewn into place, the heart is restarted, blood flow returns and the chest is closed.
What is Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR)?
Some patients may be too sick for surgery. For these patients, a Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) may be an option. Unlike open-heart surgery, a TAVR procedure is a less-invasive approach to replace the diseased valve. The valve is compressed in a long hollow tube called a catheter. This catheter is placed in a blood vessel in the upper leg and pushed up toward the heart while the heart is beating. The doctor positions the replacement valve in the heart and removes the catheter.
What is the HLT® Transcatheter Aortic Valve?
The Meridian® Valve is made from treated animal tissue that is supported on a wire frame so it can be placed in the heart.